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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1Private Astronomical Observatory play amain role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO Infrastructure- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
Astronomical Net of Ukraine! , - ! - , .. . !
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

   Software for Automatic Detection of Asteroids and Comets CoLiTec 

CoLiTec (CLT) is the software package dedicated for the automatic discovery of any moving objects such as asteroids, comets, space debris and so on. The first project carried on by the group yielded the first (on the territory of CIS) automatic discovery of an asteroid (May 2010), done by observers from Andrushivka astronomical observatory. 35 asteroids have been discovered despite the bad astronomic weather within this observatory (April 12, 2011) using the present software. The software is under continual refinement. For the end of 2010 the present software was used by 3 CIS observatories.

Since November 27, 2010 oLiTec (LT) has been successfully used by Russian remotely ISON-NM observatory (Mayhill, New Mexico, USA) within its project dedicated to the observation and cataloging of space debris ISON (International Scientific Optical Network), managed by Igor Molotov. More than 300 asteroids have been discovered in this observatory using the present software (dedication to the 50th anniversary of the first humans flight in space April 12, 2011)

December 10, 2010 Leonid Elenin (Russian astronomer, scientific associate of Keldysh Institute of applied mathematics, ISON-NM leading asteroids observer) discovered the comet C/2010 X1 (Elenin) using oLiTec. That was the first discovery made by a Russian astronomer for the last 20 years. The Comet Elenin is moving in ecliptic plane and in October 2011 will be so close to the Earth that it will be for some time visible to the naked eye. As a result the Comet Elenin was widely discussed in the international media.

By the end of 2011 the present astrosoft will be able to discover asteroids approaching the Earth, new stars and supernovas; automatically define tracks of meteors.

   Software functions 

The present software is based on the original computational method of light collection that permits to accumulate objects signals along the tracks with undefined motion parameters using multivalued coordinates transform. Hierarchical implementation of transform stabilizes computational cost of the method.

Software input data:

  • preliminary processed frames of astronomic observation in FITS format including readout noises (bias frames), dark current (dark frames) and uneven pixels sensitivity of CCD-matrix (flat field frames);
  • electronic stellar catalogs USNO A2.0, USNO B1.0, UCAC 3.0, XPM;
  • settings for telescope CCD-camera.

Intraframe (primary) processing:

  • loading of frames and series of frames with the same area of celestial sphere;
  • automatic deletion of defective pixels;
  • residual programmed frames adjustment using low-cut filter;
  • automatic division of frames series into subseries;
  • frames addition with accumulation of signals from moving object (FAMO) a type of frames addition used to increase signal/noise ratio (SNR) of signals from objects with unknown velocity of apparent motion;
  • formation and saving of total frames obtained with FAMO;
  • marking the signals of celestial objects on the frames;
  • evaluation of celestial objects coordinates (fitting) with compensation of residual backgrounds flat substrate;
  • making marks from selected objects.

Objects identification:

  • forming of inner catalog of objects that are motionless on the series of observation;
  • automatic identification of a sum of frames marks and inner catalog of motionless objects from series of observation with a stellar catalog;
  • automatic identification of asteroids tracks detected by the present software and known by MPC.

Astrometric and photometric frames reduction:

  • access to electronic stellar catalogs (USNO A2.0, USNO B1.0, UCAC 3.0 or XPM);
  • astrometric reduction of one out of three models of plate constants (linear, quadratic and cubic);
  • photometric reduction done through stellar catalogs USNO B1.0 or XPM.

Astrometric and photometric reduction assures accuracy that meets MPC requirements.

Interframe processing includes:

  • exclusion of inner catalog of objects with zero apparent motions marks from interframe processing;
  • asteroids detection by original algorithm of moving objects detection;
  • manual rejection of automatically detected asteroids; creation of MPC-report based on processing results.

Functions of built-in browser:

  • receiving data from MPC site about known asteroids and comets within the frames series range of vision;
  • comparison of formed measurements (marks) with MPC database; identification of known objects; decision-making as for the new objects detection;
  • NEO-rating receiving of detected objects;
  • coordinates determination of the frames center viewing field according to numbers and names of asteroids written in their titles;
  • creation of three similar MPC-reports based on results of processing series of frames for numbered, unnumbered and unknown asteroids (such reports can be made for each series and for all processed areas together).


  • review of initial and total files, formed and saved during FAMO;
  • display of detected objects, their marks, all marks of interframe processing, objects known by MPC.

Software characteristics:

  • creation of a log-file, containing output data through all stages and permitting to localize deficient and problem procedures of data processing;
  • automatic batch processing of all studying series of observation and results display;
  • paralleling of computings into independent processes according to the quantity of processors cores.

The software is divided into different executable modules which are connected through files. It represents the ideology of open architecture and permits to use independently created software at each stage of processing.

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