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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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The Role of Data Science in Astronomy and Interstellar Exploration 
Space has always been a fascinating frontier for humans. From the first satellite, Sputnik 1, in 1957, to the amazing Mars rovers, our adventures in space show our love for discovery, creativity, and courage. Exploring space is a big dream, always pushing us to learn more and go further. Nowadays, data science is making a meaningful contribution to space technology. It's changing how we think about space. Being able to gather, understand, and use lots of data has helped us get to know the universe better and has changed how we explore and move through space...
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Chuvayeva (Polosukhina) Nina Savelyevna 

General data:

27.09.1931 - 07.04.2016

Place of birth: Krasniy Holm city, Kalinin region, Russian SSR

Studied in: A. A. Zhdanov Leningrad Order of Lenin State University (since 1991 St. Petersburg State University) (1954);

Key interests: history of astronomy, stellar catalogues, variable stars, non-stationary stars, popularization of astronomy. PhD Thesis: Some results of spectral and polarimetric studies magnetically variable stars (1975 Main Astronomical Observatory of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Pulkovo);


She was born on September 27, 1931 in the Krasny Kholm city of Kalinin Province of Russian SSR (now Tver Region, Russian Federation).

In 1954, she graduated from the A. A. Zhdanov Leningrad Order of Lenin State University which she entered in 1949 and was sent to work at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.

She began working in the stellar physics department by participating with S. V. Nekrasova in V. B. Nikonov's large project on star observations under the fundamental photometry program.

After completing these observations, she joined the team of N. M. Shakhovsky - N. A. Dimov and took part in polarimetric observations of stars on a polarimeter manufactured at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory. In the 1970s, after mastering work at the G. A. Shain Mirror Telescope, she continued the study of magnetic stars using spectral methods.

In 1975, she defended her candidate's thesis "Some results of polarimetric and spectral studies of magneto-variable stars". Decision of the Council of the Main Astronomical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. of science A. B. Severnyi was its scientific director.

She participated in the construction of a unique spectral atlas of the Babcock star with an extremely strong magnetic field based on observations at the G. A. Shine Mirror Telescope, in the compilation of a catalog of rapid variability of chemically peculiar stars, and detailed studies of a number of such stars. Its most important result is obtaining direct evidence of the heterogeneous distribution of lithium on the surface of chemically peculiar magnetic stars. This discovery aroused great interest in the astronomical world, and in the mid-1990s the astronomer initiated the international project "Cold in cold magnetic chemically peculiar stars", in which colleagues from Ukraine, Russia, Italy, Austria, Finland, Sweden, France and Switzerland, and within the framework of which a large observational program was carried out at a number of observatories in both hemispheres of the Earth - in the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, the Special Astrophysical Observatory, Mount Stromlo in Australia, the European Southern Observatory in Chile. In the course of these extensive studies, new stars with such features were discovered and a correlation between the intensity of the lithium lines, the magnitude of the magnetic field and the phenomenon of rapid oscillations with the rotation of the star was revealed. Together with colleagues who participated in the project, she published about 40 works.

For 61 years of her life, until 2015, she worked at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, studying Ar stars.

In addition to scientific work, she was also active in social and political activities. She was elected to the district council more than once.

Published more than 100 works. In recent years, the astronomer has been actively studying the history of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory. Having rich archival material, she regularly published articles and gave reports on the history of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory and about the life of the observatory, and in 2011 she published the richly illustrated book "Crimean Astrophysical Observatory: Foundation, Formation, and Bloom."

On April 7 (according to other data, April 8), 2016, a senior researcher died in the Naukoviy village.

Main publications:
  1. Переменность спектра βCrB в области лития LiI λ6708Å./Полосухина Н. С., Маланушенко В. П., Хак М., Кастелли Ф. // Астрафизика, 1996, Т. 39, в. 1.- С. 19-30
  2. Полосухина Н. С. Крымская Астрофизическая обсерватория: основание, становление, расцвет.- Симферополь: Бизнес-Информ, 2011.-144 с
  3. Изучение пашеновских линий водорода и инфракрасного триплета Ca II в спектре магнитной звезды β Cr B. I./Полосухина Н. С., Щербаков А. Г., Маланушенко, В. П.//Астрофизика, 1979, Т. 15, в. 1.- С. 85-96.
  4. Изучение пашеновских линий водорода и инфракрасного триплета Ca II в спектре магнитной звезды βCrB. II. О вариации физических условий в атмосфере звезды./Полосухина Н. С., Щербаков А. Г., Маланушенко В. П.//Астрофизика, 1980, Т. 16, в. 3. -С. 483-490

  1  Нина Савельевна Полосухина-Чуваева МЕМОРИАЛ//АСТРОКУРЬЕР, № 5, Май 2016 г.
  2  Крымская республиканская научно-практическая конференция "Космос.Земля.Человек", посвящённая 50-летию юношеской астрономической обсерватории Малой академии наук школьников Крыма "Искатель". Симферополь.16 декабря 2011 г.
  3  Астрономы России 1917-2017/ науч. ред. А.М.Черепащук, Казань, Казан. фед. ун-т, 2017.- 568с- C.379
  4  Крымская астрофизическая обсерватория.Открытия, сделанные в обсерватории

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