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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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The Role of Data Science in Astronomy and Interstellar Exploration 
Space has always been a fascinating frontier for humans. From the first satellite, Sputnik 1, in 1957, to the amazing Mars rovers, our adventures in space show our love for discovery, creativity, and courage. Exploring space is a big dream, always pushing us to learn more and go further. Nowadays, data science is making a meaningful contribution to space technology. It's changing how we think about space. Being able to gather, understand, and use lots of data has helped us get to know the universe better and has changed how we explore and move through space...
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Chernysh Nicolay Stepanovich 

General data:

06.10.1931 - 26.05.2004

Place of birth: Usman village, Voronezh region, Russian SSR

Studied in: Irkutsk State Pedagogical Institute (since 2014 Pedagogical Institute of Irkutsk State University) (1954-1959);

Key interests: celestial mechanics, minor bodies of the Solar System, space missions. ScD Thesis: Crimean review of the Minor Planet (1999 Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine);


He was born on October 6, 1931 in the Usman village of Voronezh region of Russian SSR.

When the Great Patriotic War of the USSR against Hitler's Germany, which was part of World War II, began, the family was evacuated to the Sheragul village of Tulun district of Irkutsk region.

After graduating from school, he was drafted into the Soviet Army. After serving to study astronomy, in 1954 he entered the Irkutsk State Pedagogical Institute.

Kaverina. As a student since 1956 he worked at the observatory in Irkutsk city under the direction of A. A. Kaverin. Together with his wife, L. I. Chernykh, and Rumyantsev V. V. he conducted a large series of visual and photographic observations of Comet Mrcos 1957d. Observations were made of the Great Confrontation of Mars in 1956, a number of lunar and solar eclipses, the coverage of stars by the moon. Since 1957, he and his wife spent two summer seasons in the Irkutsk program of observations of silver clouds. In 1958 he began working in the time laboratory under the direction of L. M. Nadeev as an astronomer-observer. He first observed the exact time program on a passage instrument, and then worked with Dungeon's astrolabe.

In 1959 (according to other sources in 1958) he graduated from the Irkutsk State Pedagogical Institute.

In 1961 he entered the graduate school of the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy of the RSFSR Academy of Sciences in Leningrad, which he graduated in 1964.

In March 1963, he arrived at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory and on September 1, 1963, he was enrolled in the staff of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in the Minor Planets Department. He participated in the observations of the automatic lunar station "Luna-4".

On October 13, 1966, he discovered his first asteroid. Small planet #1737 was named "Severniy".

On September 20, 1982, he discovered the asteroid of the main asteroid belt 8141 Nikolaev, which had name in honor of Nikolaev city.

In 1999 he defended his doctoral dissertation "Crimean survey of small planets" at the Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the specialty 01.03.01 - "Astrometry and Celestial Mechanics". The dissertation was also considered in the dissertation council D 002.067.01 at the Institute of Applied Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The asteroid (2325) Chernykh, discovered in 1979 by Czechoslovak astronomer Antonin Mrkos, was named after the Cherny couple.

In 2004 he and his wife Chernykh L. I. became a laureate of the E. P. Fedorov Prize for the work "Crimean survey of small planets".

He died on May 26, 2004.

Scientific works concern the study of astrometry and dynamics of small bodies of the solar system. Under his leadership, many astrometric observations of small planets and comets, discovered asteroids over the past 200 years. He discovered 533 (according to other sources 537) small planets and two periodic comets 74P / Smirnova - Black and 101P / Black, conducted astrometric observations of almost all known small planets. Since 1963, the team of Chernykh N.S. About 1500 minor planets were discovered with the help of a double 16-inch telescope.

He participated in the laser locations of the Moon at the 2.6-meter reflector of the Crimean Astronomical Observatory during 1963-1970).

He is the author of more than 150 scientific papers.

Main publications:
  1. Каверин А. А., Куклин Г. В., Черных Н. С., Черных Л. И. Наблюдения прохождения Меркурия по диску Солнца 6 мая 1957г. в Иркутске. АЦ № 181, 1957, с. 16–17.
  2. Каверин А. А., Куклин Г. В., Черных Н. С., Ханжин А. Г., Егорченко И. Ф., Сазонова З. Г., Дунцова М. С. Обстоятельства видимости кольцеобразного солнечного затмения 19.04.1958 г. для 86 городов СССР. Астрономический календарь на 1958 год, ГИТТЛ, 1957.
  3. Каверин А. А., Куклин Г. В., Куклина В. А., Сазонова З. Г., Черных Л. И., Черных Н. С., Егорченко И. Ф. Обстоятельства видимости полного солнечного затмения 2.10.1959 для 144 городов СССР. Астрономический календарь на 1959 год, Физматгиз, 1958, с. 76–79.
  4. Каверин А. А., Куклин Г. В., Черных Н. С. Обстоятельства видимости частного солнечного затмения 20–21.9.1960 для 15 городов СССР. Астрономический календарь на 1960 год, Физматгиз, 1959, с. 89.

  1  Бохан Н. А. Работы Института теоретической астрономии АН СССР по исследованию движения комет (1963−1966 гг.)//Астрометрия и Астрофизика, 1969, № 4, С. 188
  2  День в історії астрономії
  4  Українські фізики та астрономи. Посібник-довідник/Автор-укладач В. Шаронова.-Тернопіль: Підручники і посібники, 2007.-304с.-С. 221-222

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