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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1Private Astronomical Observatory play amain role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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The Role of Data Science in Astronomy and Interstellar Exploration 
Space has always been a fascinating frontier for humans. From the first satellite, Sputnik 1, in 1957, to the amazing Mars rovers, our adventures in space show our love for discovery, creativity, and courage. Exploring space is a big dream, always pushing us to learn more and go further. Nowadays, data science is making a meaningful contribution to space technology. It's changing how we think about space. Being able to gather, understand, and use lots of data has helped us get to know the universe better and has changed how we explore and move through space...
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO Infrastructure- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Churyumov Klim Ivanovich 

General data:

19.02.1937 - 14.10.2016

Place of birth: Nikolayev city, Nikolayev region, Ukrainian SSR

Studied in: T. G. Shevchenko Kyiv Order of Lenin State University (since 1999 Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University) (1960);

Key interests: physics of comets, astrophysics, origin and evolution of comets, minor bodies of the Solar System. PhD Thesis: The reseach comets of Ikeyya-Seki (1967n), Honda (1968s), Tago-Sato- Kosak (1969) and a new short-period Churyumov-Gerasimenko's comet on basis of photographic observations. (1972 ); ScD Thesis: Evolutionary physical processes in comets. (1993 Space Research Institute of RAS (Moscow));


He was born February 19, 1937 in Nikolaev city of Nikolaev region of Ukrainian SSR. He was the fourth of eight children of Ivan Ivanovch Chyuryumova, staff officer of the Soviet Army, and poet Antonina Mikhailovna Churyumova ( her maiden name is Aleksandrova).

Because his father was a soldier, the family often had to move from place to place. The war found their local self Zhytomyr region, where they survived the first bombing. From there they moved to Kyiv. In those turbulent times, when Klium was four years old, he and his mother were late in the train, which was taken by people shot by the Germans in Kiev City. Everyone who drove in it, died ... Then the family was evacuated, first to the Mykhailivka city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) field, and then - to Stalingrad. When the Germans came to town, they are under the bombs landed on the ship that sailed down the Volga to Astrakhan, then - across the Caspian Sea to Gurieva (now Almaty) at the mouth of the Urals, then the Urals to the Urals and from there by train to Novosibirsk region (Kirza village on the Ob river), which were in 1944 returned there in Mykhailivka of Stalingrad area where Klim went to school. His father died during the Second World War in May 1942 near Kharkiv city.

In 1949 the family moved to Kiev City. After seventh grade, he entered the Kiev Railway College, graduating with honors in 1955. He got a recommendation for admission to higher education.

In 1960 graduated at the Department of Astronomy and Space Physics T. G. Shevchenko Kyiv Order of Lenin State University in "Physics-Astronomy" and he was sent to the polar geophysical station in Tiksi Bay of Yakut ASSR. There he studied the aurora, earth currents and the ionosphere.

In 1962, when he returned to Kyiv City, went to work at the factory "Arsenal", where he participated in the development astronavigation equipment for rockets and tested it at the Baikonur Cosmodrome and Plesetsk.

During the 1965-1968 he enrolled in graduate school at Kiev National University majoring in "Astrophysics" under the guidance of Prof. S. K Vsehsvjatsky. After this, the remaining work researcher at the Department of Astronomy at KNU. Watched the comet at the suburban station of Kiev University in the village forester during astronomical expeditions in the highlands of Central Asia, the Caucasus, Siberia, in Primorsky Krai, the Chukotka and Kamchatka.

In 1969 he participated in the expedition that university dressed in three persons: Klim Churyumov and Svetlana Gerasimenko and other person, to observe periodic comet in Alma-Ata, in Astrophysical Institute (now the Astrophysical Institute of the V. G. Fesenkov).

In 1972 he defended his PhD dissertation "Reseach of comets of Ikeyya-Seki (1967n), Honda (1968s), Tago-Sato-Kosak (1969) and a new short-period Churyumov-Gerasimenko's comet from photographic observations."

In 1993 he defended his doctoral dissertation "Evolutionary physical processes in comets" in the Space Research Institute of RAS (Moscow City) which was re-registered at the Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in 1995.

Since 1998 professor working at the Astronomical Observatory of Kiev University, head of astrometry and small bodies of the solar system. In January of 2004 by the Presidium of the Society "Knowledge", he was appointed director of the educational center "Kyiv Planetarium" (according to other data, he was the director of the planetarium during 2002-2016). He also holds the position of President of the Ukrainian Society of Astronomy. He is a member of the International Astronomical Union in 1979, the European Astronomical Union in 1992, Ukrainian Astronomical Association since 1992; Honored Worker of Education of Ukraine in 1998 For many years he was the Scientific Secretary of the Working Group on Physics of Comets Astronomical Council of the USSR. Since 1984 (according to other data since 1884) he is a member of the New York Academy of Sciences. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine since May 6, 2006.

The scientist was awarded two medals "For the discovery of new astronomical objects", gold (1986) and two silver (1975 and 1987), medals "1500 Years of Kyiv" (1982) and "Veteran of Labor" (1987), the II and III degree Orders of Merit (2003), the diploma-certificate of the International Guard of Halley's Comet (1986), the Taras Shevchenko Prize of Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University (2004).

Since 2002, he has been the editor-in-chief of the popular science astronomy magazine "Our Sky".

He was a member of the International Eurasian Astronomical Society.

At the end of July 2013, Churyumov K.I. photographed the bright trail of a twilight bolide over Kyiv City. After that, Churyumov K.I. , Kruchynenko V.G., Vidmachenko A.P., Steklov A.F. came to a conclusion about the need to create a ground-based aerospace monitoring service.

On October 14, 2016, the astronomer died due to a stroke in Kharkiv city and was buried in Kyiv City.

Major works are devoted to the physics of small bodies in the solar system: comets and asteroids. He has published more than 1000 scientific publications, including 5 books and 5 manuals. There was a scientific consultant on astronomy during the second edition of Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. He discovered two comets: short-period comets Chyuryumova-Gerasimenko in 1969 and long-period Chyuryumov-Solodovnikov's comet in 1986 his name in 1984 named the planet 2627, and astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh named by him open asteroid number 3942 name "Churivanniya" after two Ivan Churyumov, who are Klim Ivanovich Churyumov's father and brother.

It is known as a children's writer and poet. He is the author of popular science books and children's writer - the author of several collections of poems for kids ("kids of specialties", "kids about animals", "baby on boat", "Math for kids" (co-author), "The Adventures of Dino dinosaur"). Author of more than 1000 popular science articles in various newspapers and magazines. He initiated the assignment of names of Ukrainian writers and scientists to small planets.

Eleven PhD theses in physics of comets and the theory and methods of teaching astronomy were protected under the leadership of K.I. Churyumov.

He was a participant in more than 30 expeditions to observe comets, solar eclipses and study the aurora borealis; searched for meteorite craters on the Earth's surface; observed hundreds of comets in various observatories around the world; took a direct part in launching rockets at the Baikonur and Plesetsk cosmodromes.

Main publications:
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  1  Pavlenko Ya. V., Vavilova I. B., Kostiuk . Astronomy in Ukraine. Organizations and strategies in astronomy. Springer-Verlag, 2005.Vol. 6.P. 22
  2   .., .. ..
  3   / . .

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