UkrVO logo
tel: +380 44 526 3110
fax: +380 44 526 2147
digital archives
Mykolaiv AO DA
scientific projects
SW calculation
historical image archives
contact us
Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
home conception consortium resources vo links
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
Astronomical Net of Ukraine 
Добро пожаловать на портал! Терабайты видео, книг и другой астрономической научной и научно-популярной информации доступны для Вас! Вы также можете добавлять материалы - публиковать новости астрономии, статьи и т.п. Для этого достаточно пройти регистрацию. Давайте собирать информацию вместе!
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O 

P  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  І 

А  Б  В  Г  Ґ  Д  Е  Є  Ж  З  І  Ї  Й  К  Л 

М  Н  О  П  Р  С  Т  У  Ф  Х  Ц  Ч  Ш  Щ  Ю 



 Donich Nikolay Nikolaevich 

General data:

13.09.1874 - 22.11.1960

Place of birth: Petrikani village near the Chisinau city

Studied in: Imperial Novorossian University, Odessa city, Russian Empire (since 2000 I. I. Mechnikov Odessa National University, Ukraine) (1895);

Key interests: solar photosphere and chromosphere, physics of comets, Saturn and its satellites, solar physics, general theory of relativity, solar-terrestrial connections, minor bodies of the Solar System, instruments and devices, astronomy, solar corona, seismology, meteorology


He was born 1 (according to the Julian calendar and 13 on the Gregorian calendar, according to other data 25) in September 1874 (according to some data as early as 1878) in the Petrikani village in the suburbs of Chisinau city in the family of the Moldavian boyars. The great-grandson of the writer, translator and biker Oleksander Donich. His mother, Melania, died of short-lived sufforts, and his father Nicholas shot himself. The 8-year old orphan was educated by the childless sister of Elena's mother, who lived with her husband in her own estate in the Old Dubossary city.

When studying a boy at a local school it turned out that he has unusual mathematical abilities. He was the first student of exact sciences, especially fond of astronomy. At the age of 16, the young man began to build an observatory, but soon moved to Odessa, where he entered the Richelieu Gymnasium, and in 1895 (according to other data in 1897) he was already a graduate of the Imperial Novorossan University in Odessa city, graduating exams externally. Kononovich A. K. was his teacher. Upon graduation, he presented the work on the spectrum of the Grossliebenthal meteorite, published in 1898 in the magazine Astronomishe Nachrichten on six pages. A talented graduate was offered a place at the department, but he was only engaged in independent activities and he returned to the estate of his aunt.

Served at the St. Petersburg Office of the State Council until October 1917, when the office was dissolved by the Bolsheviks, simultaneously gained scientific work, collaborated with academician F. A. Bredikhin, S. M. Kostinsky, A. A. Belopolsky.

In 1904 the scientist was elected a member of the Russian Astronomical Society.

He watched the passing of Mercury on the disk of the Sun on November 14, 1907 and May 24, 1924 in Egypt.

In 1908 he built his own observatory in the village. The Old Dubossaries of the Bezarab province of the Russian Empire (now Dubesar-Vek, Criulensky district of Moldova). Subsequently, she grew up in the Institute for studying the chromosphere and prominences of the Sun with three observatories: astronomical, heliographic and meteorological.

For research, a young scientist bought a spectrogelograph - an astronomical instrument for photographing the sun, designed by a mechanic of the Odessa Observatory, Y. A. Timchenko, and then perfected its design. According to other data, this device was designed and built by Y.A. Timchenko It was the first spectrogeologist in the Russian Empire. He himself created other astronomical instruments and instruments, including the so-called "comet triplet". This is a tool that consisted of a guider refractor (D lens = 60 mm., F = 1 m.), A photographic camera (D = 82 mm., F = 1 m.) And an objective prism spectrograph (D = 61 mm, F = 27.3 cm).

For some time he was in the public service at the Office of the State Council of the Russian Empire until October 1917, when the office was dissolved by the Bolsheviks. He served as Assistant Secretary of State in the rank of Collegiate Advisor, who was awarded personal nobility.

In 1903, the astronomer photographed the Sun at the Observatory of Jules Janssen in Evian-les-Bains (Upper Savoy).

In 1912, the scientist was elected an honorary professor at the University of Coimbra in Portugal, and became the Knight of the highest state award of Cambodia for his contribution to the development of science in this country.

After the revolution of 1917 from 1918 to 1944 he worked in Romania. He worked in the Old Dubossaries and Bucharest.

During 1922-1944 he was a member of the Romanian Academy of Sciences. According to other sources, until 1948 he was an honorary member of the Romanian Academy of Sciences. He was also a member of the Heidelberg Astronomical Society.

Since 1922 the scientist has participated in the work of international congresses of astrophysicists and astronomers.

In 1933 they were executed from September to December observation of Saturn, which allowed to determine the period of rotation of this planet - 10 hours 17 minutes (the present value - 10 hours 14 minutes).

In 1937-1938 he was a scientist in Bucharest, where he was instructed to restore the observatory of the deceased Admiral Ursyan. In the spring of 1944 he also held in Bucharest.

Soon he traveled to Germany. After a series of vicissitudes and wandering, he and his wife were at the end of the war, in 1945, in Paris, where he began working at the Paris Observatory. Subsequently worked in Meudon and Nice.

Observed 8 solar eclipses in different parts of the world (May 28, 1900 in Elche, Spain, May 17-18, 1901 in Padang, Sumatra Island, March 16-17, 1904 in Phnom Penh, U. Cambodia, August 29-30, 1905 in the city of Alcalá de Chisvert in Spain, April 16-17, 1912 in Ovar, Portugal, August 8, 1914 in the town of Theodosius of the Tauride province of the Russian Empire, August 31 1932 Cap Porpoise in the state of Maine USA, June 19, 1936 in Inbel Island, Turkey), 8 months, showed the absence of an atmosphere on the planet Mercury, watched Halley's bright comet in 1910 with the help of a "comet triple and "while watching the bright Ponse-Vinnikee comet in 1927, the zodiac light in Egypt in 1908 and Algeria in 1947-1952, also carried out after the Second World War a study of zodiacal light in Tunisia and Dakar, Egypt and Africa as part of French expeditions.

In 1950, without a livelihood, the astronomer was in an asylum for elderly people in Nice, France, where he died around 1956. According to the results of the French astronomer Francoise Legette-Tullie and the Romanian astronomer Magda Stavinska in 2014, The grave of a scientist was found at one of the cemeteries near Nice-Puget-Théniers, Alpes-Maritimes, on which the date of death was dated November 22, 1960.

In addition to Romanian and Russian, the scientist knew French, German and English.

His scientific works relate to the astronomy of the sun, the chromosphere and planets, in the zodiacal light. He also studied the physics of meteorites and comets, in particular, their spectra in a visible range. He also was interested in the theory of relativity. The scientist also studied seismology and meteorology. He suspected that there was a connection between solar stroke and earthquakes. It is no accident that when conducting observations of solar eclipses, the team also carried out measurements of changes in temperature and atmospheric pressure on Earth. During the solar eclipse, he explored in detail the upper layers of the solar atmosphere, the photosphere and the chromosphere (including projections) and their dynamics during the solar cycle.

He is the author of about 77 scientific works.

Asteroid 9494 was named in his honor "Donici".

Main publications:
  1. Influence de la brillance de ciel a l'horizon sur la forme apparente de la Lumière Zodiacalle/Donitch N.//Non publié (Unpublished) . (in French), Grâce a Françoise Le Guet Tully, a partir des archives d'Henri Chrétien, 1 page(1956)
  2. Grossliebenthal/Donitch N.//Astronomishe Nachrichten.-1898
  3. Éclat de la Lumière Zodiacale/Donitch N. //Non publié (Unpublished), Observatoire de la Cote d'Azure, Nice, France, 1 page. (in French) Grâce a Françoise Le Guet Tully, Copie d'un document à partir de l'archve d'Henri Chrétien.
  4. Nouvelles Études Sur La Position de la Lumiére Zodiacale Dans L'Espace/Donitch N.//Bulletin Astronomique, vol. 20, pp.15-26(1955)

  1  Коварская Б. П. Донич Николай Николаевич // Историко-астрономические исследования.—2004.—Вып. 29.—С. 209—235.
  2  ВИДНЫЕ АСТРОНОМЫ – УЧЕНИКИ А.К.КОНОНОВИЧА /М.Ю.Волянская//Страницы истории астрономии в Одессе", ч.2, 1995, Одесса, с.17
  4  Казанцева Л. В., Кислюк В. С. Київське вікно у Всесвіт: Історія Київської астрономічної обсерваторії в контексті історії розвитку національної та світової науки. — Київ: Наш час, 2006.—C.171

UkrVO logo