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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
Astronomical Net of Ukraine 
Добро пожаловать на портал! Терабайты видео, книг и другой астрономической научной и научно-популярной информации доступны для Вас! Вы также можете добавлять материалы - публиковать новости астрономии, статьи и т.п. Для этого достаточно пройти регистрацию. Давайте собирать информацию вместе!
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Eygenson Maurice (Moritz) Semenovich (Solomonovich) 

General data:

21.01.1906 - 15.08.1962

Place of birth: Yekatersnoslav city ,Yekaterinoslavskyi province, Russian Empire (since 2016, Dnipro city, Dnipropetrovsk region, Ukraine)

Studied in: Leningrad State University (since 1991 St. Petersburg University ) (1927);

Key interests: Jupiter and its satellites, extragalactic astronomy, cosmology, solar physics, solar-terrestrial connections, geophysics


He was born 8 (on Julian calendar or 21 on Gregorian calendar) in January 1906 in Ekaterinoslav of the Katerynoslav governorate of the Russian Empire (since 2016 in Dnipro City of Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine) in the family of a merchant.

In 1927 he graduated from Leningrad State University, then he was postgraduate study at the university, later taught at it, in 1939 became a professor.

In 1929 he became one of the organizers and leaders at the Leningrad State University section of interplanetary communications, bringing together scientists and students of physics and chemistry - astronomers, mechanics, physicists, chemists. The section organizes lectures, reports, seminars and subsequently conducts experiments in the field of jet traffic.

When, in April 1932, the Astronomical Observatory of the Leningrad State University was reorganized into an independent scientific research institute, it became the head of the astrophysics and theoretical astronomy department and the scientific secretary of the astronomy observatory.

At the same time in 1934-1953 he worked at the Pulkovo Observatory and during 1938-1951 was the head of the Sun's service department.

In 1932-1943 he investigated the absorption of light inside galaxies and in the intergalactic environment and confirmed the random distribution in the space of directions of the axes of rotation of spiral galaxies, due to the apparent ordering of which concerning the galaxy, some astronomers, including Reynold, denied the theory.

In 1934, together with L. V. Misovsky, he conducted experiments in which, with the help of Wilson's camera, he proved the presence of neutrons in the composition of cosmic rays.

In 1938 he received a scientific degree of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.

He participated in the joint expedition of the Main Astronomical Observatory of the USSR, the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, and the Abastumian Astrophysical Observatory on Observation of Solar Eclipse on July 9, 1945, Sortavala (Karelia).

During 1937-1951 the astronomer was chairman of the Solar Commission of the Astronomical Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences, supervising the work of the Sun's network of services in the USSR.

In 1952, during the campaign "to combat cosmopolitanism", he was suspended from the position of the physics department of the Sun Physics of the Pulkovo Observatory and released from Leningrad State University.

During 1954-1959 (according to some data since 1953) he headed the astronomical observatory of Ivan Franko Lviv State University.

He died on August 15, 1962 in Lviv, Ukrainian SSR.

The scientific works of the scientist are devoted to extra-galactic astronomy, cosmology, as well as the statistical study of solar activity and its geophysical manifestations. He also paid attention to the study of Jupiter and its moons.

In 1935–1938, a scientist investigated galactic light absorption. He showed that in all spiral galaxies there is an absorbing substance. In 1938, he pointed to the presence of dark matter between galaxies. Developed new methods for determining the optical thickness of the Galaxy. It finally established the absence of a systematic orientation in the directions of the rotation axes in spiral galaxies. He is the author of the first Soviet Union monograph on extra-galactic astronomy - The Great Universe (1936) and other monographs.

He also investigated the geophysical effects caused by solar activity, which allowed him to make sound predictions of some of the processes on Earth caused by the influence of the sun. He proposed new indices of solar activity. He established the existence of an age-old solar cycle, which manifests itself in some geophysical phenomena. In particular, the ā index which was developed by him, characterizing the power of solar phenomena, proved to be very representative for representing the 11-year cyclical course of such large processes as the number of deep cyclones over the seas that wash Europe from the north.

In 1957-1958 he did a great job in organizing observations on the International Geophysical Year program.

Main publications:
  1. Эйгенсон М. С. Внегалактическая астрономия. М., 1960.-414с.
  2. Эйгенсон М. С. Основные моменты истории вопроса о бесконечности Вселенной. II. От коперниканской эпохи до конца XIX в.— Природа, 1941, №6, 81 — 84.
  3. Эйгенсон М. С. Исключительная группа солнечных пятен.— Природа, 1940, №8, 58 — 59.
  4. Струве В. Я. Этюды звездной астрономии: монография/Редакция: Михайлова А.А., Переводчик: Эйгенсон М.С., Изд-во Акад. наук СССР, Серия: Классики науки, 1953.-231 с.

  1  Hockey T., Trimble V., Williams Th. R., et al. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. — New York: Springer, 2013.—Vol. 1, 2.
  2  Справочный биографический материал
  4  Астрономічна обсерваторія/Логвиненко О., Новосядлий Б.//Encyclopedia. Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка. В 2т. Т.1: А-К/ Виконавча рада: І.О. Вакарчук (голова) М.В. Лозинський (заст. голови), Р.М. Шуст (заст. голови), В.М. Качмар (відп. секретар) та ін. – Львів: ЛНУ імені Івана Франка. 2011. – С. 162

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