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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
 
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 Moshe ben Yaakov [Moshe (Moses) II from Kiev city , Moshe ha-Gole] 

General data:

1449 - 1520 (1529)

Place of birth: Shadovo city, Grand Duchy of Lithuania (now the town of Sheduva, Radviliški district, Siauliai county, Republic of Lithuania)

Studied in: Constantinople City, Ottoman Empire (since 1930, Istanbul City, the Turkish Republic) ();

Key interests: astronomy


Biography:

He was born in 1449 in the Shadovo town of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (now the of Sheduva city of the Radviliysh district of the Siauliai district of the Republic of Lithuania).

He was educated in Constantinople (now Istanbul city). There he talked a lot with Karaites and rabbanites. Then he moved to Kiev City.

Kiev, where he wrote an anti-Karaite polemical treatise.

He was the head of the Kiev rabbinists in the second half of the XV century.

After fleeing from Kiev in 1482 or 1483, as a result of the invasion, the Rabbi Tatars, together with the Jewish community, escaped to Lutsk city and later settled in Shadovo town.

But his children were unlucky at the time, and they were captured by the Tatars and their father had to buy them out for donations from Jewish communities.

Around 1495, he wrote a book on the Jewish Sefer Ha-Dikduk and a treatise on the Jewish calendar, Yesod Ha-ibbur (The Basis of the Leap Year).

In 1495, he was expelled from Shadovo town as a result of the total expulsion of Jews from Lithuania, initiated by the Prince of Lithuania Alexander Jagellon.

During the wanderings, he wrote a treatise on Kabbalah, which he called "Shushan Sodot" ("Lily of Mysteries"), wrote a number of Kabbalistic works "Ozar Ha-Shem" ("Treasure of the Lord") and "Sha'arei Zedek" ("The Gate of Justice »).

In 1506, during his visit to Lyada town, he was captured by the Tatars and sent to Solkhat (Eski-Kirim shortly after the conquest by the Ottomans of the Genoa colonies, now Old St. Crimea) in 1475, where he was redeemed by the Rabbanite and the Karaite communities of Kafa (now Feodosia city).

He later became the head of the Rabbanite community in Cafa town, home to Ashkenazi Jews, Byzantine descent (Romaniots), Babylonian communities, and others. Rabbi Moshe drafted a single prayer canon for them (Minhag Knff), introduced a general charter and thus created a united united community. He lived in Kafi until the end of his days and wrote a number of writings on Halacha, astronomy (commentary on The Six Shell) and Kabbalah. Also known as a philologist.

He died about 1520 (according to some data in 1529)




Main publications:
  1. Моше бен Яаков «Сефер ха-дикдук» («Книга грамматики»), Шадово, 1495
  2. Моше бен Яаков «Иесод ха-‘иббур» («Основа високосного года») Шадово,1495
  3. Моше бен Яаков «Шушан содот» («Лилия тайн»),1495
  4. Моше бен Яаков «Оцар ха-Шем» («Сокровищница Господня»)



Sources:
  1  Исраэль Барталь,Александр Кулик История еврейского народа в России. Том 1: От Древности до Раннего Нового времени.-М.: Мосты культуры 2010, -487с.-С. 313
  2  Цинберг С. Л. Авраам Крымский и Моисей Киевский. – Еврейская старина, 1923 г., т. 9, с. 93 – 109.
  3  ru.wikipedia.org
  4  Моше бен Я‘аков из Киева //КЕЭ, том: 5., 1990, Кол.: 497.

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