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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
Astronomical Net of Ukraine 
Добро пожаловать на портал! Терабайты видео, книг и другой астрономической научной и научно-популярной информации доступны для Вас! Вы также можете добавлять материалы - публиковать новости астрономии, статьи и т.п. Для этого достаточно пройти регистрацию. Давайте собирать информацию вместе!
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Matveenko Leonid Ivanovich 

General data:

20.12.1929 - 13.10.2019

Place of birth: Rozsoshentsi village, Chyhyryn district, Kirovohrad region, Ukrainian SSR

Studied in: M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (since 2015 Great Peter St. Petersburg Polytechnic University of ) (1950-1956);

Key interests: decameter radio astronomy, astrophysics, instruments and devices, AGNs. PhD Thesis: Study of the distribution of radio brightness of the Crab Nebula (1966 P. K. Sternberg State Astronomical Institute); ScD Thesis: Research of structure of radio sources (method of radio interferometry with ultralong bases) (1979 );


He was born on December 20, 1929 in the Rozsoshentsi village of Chyhyryn district of Kirovohrad region of the Ukrainian SSR in the family of a sailor of the Black Sea Fleet.

Since 1956, after graduating from the Faculty of Physics and Mechanics of the M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute, where he entered in 1950, he worked in the laboratory of radio astronomy of the Physical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Since 1969 he has been working at the Institute of Space Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He passed the career path of the astronomer of the chief researcher in 2000 (in 1972 he was awarded the title of senior researcher).

In 1966 he defended his dissertation on "Study of the radio brightness distribution of the Crab Nebula" at the P. K. Sternberg State Astronomical Institute.

In 1979 he received the title of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, defending his dissertation "Study of the structure of radio sources (method of radio interferometry with long bases)".

In 1987 he received the title of professor.

He has been the Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Letters to the Astronomical Journal since 1974, a member of the editorial board of Earth and the Universe since 1984, and a member of the International Astronomical Union since 1967.

In 1999 he became a laureate of the USSR State Prize, and in 2001 he was awarded the title of "Honored Worker Science of the Russian Federation ".

He died on October 13, 2019.

The main works of L. M. Matveenko are connected with the development of equipment, methods of research of radio sources with high and ultrahigh angular resolution, research of ultrathin structure of astronomical objects. Author of about 400 scientific papers, one monograph and a patent for a precision mirror space antenna.

In 1956-1959 at the Crimean station of the Physical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, he studied active regions on the Sun, detected and measured the trajectories of plasma emissions. He participated in the creation of a radio interferometer and the determination of the trajectories of Lunnikov space rockets. During I960-1965 he participated in the creation of the radio interferometer of the Center for Distant Space Communications (DSN), developed methods for measuring and determining the parameters of large antennas.

Organized and observed Crab Nebula Coatings across the spectrum of radio waves, separates the shell and amorphous mass, discovered a compact variable radio source, participated in observations of the quasar coverage of ZS 273, determined the spectra of the nucleus and jet.

In 1962 (DSN) proposed a method of long-range radio interferometer (RDB) for precision space navigation, maintaining the coherence of recorded signals by introducing a "pilot signal". The application of the method in astrophysics L. I. Matveenko, N. S. Kardashev and G. B. Sholomitsky was published in Izvestiya VNZ "Radiophysics" in 1965.

The method was implemented by Canadian and, independently, American radio astronomers in 1967.

In 1969 he conducted the RDB observation of quasars on the basis of the Crimea - Green Bank, discovered superluminal velocities and in 1971 - sources in the water vapor lines of the Crimea-Hystek, installed maser radiation.

Participated in the development and commissioning of 70-meter precision antennas. In 1985, in connection with the VEGA project (Venus-Halley), under his leadership, the RSDB created a network of 6 domestic radio telescopes, which complemented the global network. The trajectories of balloons floating in the atmosphere of Venus were measured with an accuracy of 100 m.

In recent years, he has improved methods for studying the fine structure of astronomical objects, obtained an ultrathin structure of a number of active galaxy nuclei in maser radiation of star-forming regions with microsecond accuracy. A single self-consistent vortex nature has been established, which is accompanied by the ejection of bipolar jets, self-focusing and excitation of magnetic fields.

Under his supervision, 10 PhD and one doctoral dissertation were defended.

In 2006 he was awarded the Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation for participation in the creation of the QUASAR-KVO system, in 1989 the Veteran of Labor medal, departmental awards of domestic and foreign organizations.

Main publications:
  1. Виткевич В. В., Кузьмин А. Д., Матвеенко Л. И., Сороченко Р. Л., Удальцов В. А. Радиокосмические наблюдения советских космических ракет. // Радиотехника и электроника, 1961, № 9, 1420—1431.
  2. Матвеенко Л. И., Кардашёв Н. С., Шоломитский Г. Б. О радиоинтерферометре с большой базой. //Радиофизика, 1965, том VIII, № 4, 651.
  3. Шкловский И. С., Матвеенко Л. И. Поиск в большом космосе // Известия, № 114 (17042), 17.05.1972.
  4. Матвеенко Л. И. Радиотелескоп размером с земной шар. // Наука и жизнь, 1973, № 10, с. 25-32.

  1  Астрономы России 1917-2017/ науч. ред. А.М.Черепащук, Казань, Казан. фед. ун-т, 2017.- 568с- C. 300

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