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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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The Role of Data Science in Astronomy and Interstellar Exploration 
Space has always been a fascinating frontier for humans. From the first satellite, Sputnik 1, in 1957, to the amazing Mars rovers, our adventures in space show our love for discovery, creativity, and courage. Exploring space is a big dream, always pushing us to learn more and go further. Nowadays, data science is making a meaningful contribution to space technology. It's changing how we think about space. Being able to gather, understand, and use lots of data has helped us get to know the universe better and has changed how we explore and move through space...
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Vakulik Vіkor Grigorovich 

General data:

19.07.1953 - 19.01.2012

Place of birth: Pereshchepin city, Dnipropetrovsk region, Ukrainian SSR

Studied in: A. M. Gorky Kharkiv State University (since 1999 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University) (1975-1980);


He was born on July 19, 1953 in the Pereshchepyne city of Dnipropetrovsk region of the Ukrainian SSR in a family of employees.

Abilities for exact sciences manifested themselves early: he was repeatedly the winner of school Olympiads in physics and mathematics. In high school, he became seriously interested in astronomy.

In 1970, he applied to Dnipropetrovsk University, to the physics faculty. However, due to a senseless coincidence, it was not possible to enter the university.

During 1970-1971, he worked as a driver for a year.

During 1971-1973, he served in the missile forces in the Gorkiy region of the USSR (now the Nizhny Novgorod region of the Russian Federation).

In 1975, he entered the astronomical department of A. M. Gorky Kharkiv State University (now V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University). In 1980, he was hired at the Astronomical Observatory of A. M. Gorky Kharkiv State University as a researcher in the image processing department. Then he actively worked on the creation of light-receiving equipment - the speckle camera of A.M. Gorky Kharkiv State University JSC based on an electronic-optical converter. In the same year, observations of gravitational lenses - objects whose existence was hard to believe before the discovery of the first lens - the quasar Q0957 + 561 - began with this equipment. In 1989, he conducted the first successful observations in the optical range of the gravitational lens MG1131 + 0456, which was opened a year earlier.

Since 1995, when matrix digital light receivers began to appear in the USSR, and until the last year of his life, he was completely immersed in the subject of gravity and lenses.

He worked as a senior researcher at the Astronomy Research Institute of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Karazin.

In February 2011, together with A.A. Minakov and O.F. Tyrnov, he became a laureate of the S.Ya. Braude for the series of works "Statistical analysis of propagation of electromagnetic waves in randomly heterogeneous media".

He died on January 19, 2012 in Kharkiv city.

He was engaged in the study of the licensing of distant sources (quasars) by nearby galaxies and stars, which open the possibility of studying the so-called hidden mass in the universe, as well as clarifying the values of the Hubble constant. He modeled the effects of gravitational lensing using computer ray tracing in media with a given distribution of refractive index (gravitational potential). He was also involved in the processing of observational data on the lensing of quasars obtained at Maidanak.

Main publications:
  1. Effects of Microlensing on Parameters of the Images Seen near the Critical Curves of Gravitational Lens Galaxies/ A.A Minakov, V. G.Vakulik // Astronomy Letters. – 2000. – Vol. 26.- Iss. 10. – P.628-638.
  2. Статистический анализ гравитационного микролинзирования/ А.А.Минаков, В.Г. Вакулик. – К.: Наук. думка, 2010. – 262 c.
  3. В.Г. Вакулик Измерение угловых диаметров звезд-гигантов методом спекл-интерферометрии 1981
  4. В.Г. Вакулик Спекл-интерферометрия Весты на 1-м телескопе Майданакской обсерватории, оценка диаметра и синтез изображения диска Весты с дифракционным разрешением 1-метрового телескопа (0.1 угл.с.) 1988

  1  ПРЕЗИДІЯ НАЦІОНАЛЬНОЇ АКАДЕМІЇ НАУК УКРАЇНИ на своєму засіданні 16 лютого 2011 року присудила премію імені С.Я. Брауде
  2  В.С. Цветкова Памяти Виктора Григорьевича Вакулика (1953-2012)
  3  Премія імені С.Я. Брауде
  4  Шкуратов Ю.Г. Хождение в науку.-Харьков: Харьковский национальный университет имени В.Н. Каразина, 2013. – 333 с.-С. 81, 84

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