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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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The Role of Data Science in Astronomy and Interstellar Exploration 
Space has always been a fascinating frontier for humans. From the first satellite, Sputnik 1, in 1957, to the amazing Mars rovers, our adventures in space show our love for discovery, creativity, and courage. Exploring space is a big dream, always pushing us to learn more and go further. Nowadays, data science is making a meaningful contribution to space technology. It's changing how we think about space. Being able to gather, understand, and use lots of data has helped us get to know the universe better and has changed how we explore and move through space...
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Vitkevich Viktor Vitoldovich 

General data:

02.07.2017 - 29.01.1972

Place of birth: Klin city, Moscow province, Russian Empire

Studied in: Moscow Institute of Communication Engineers (since 1992 Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics) (1939);

Key interests: decameter radio astronomy, solar physics, solar corona


He was born on July 2, 1917 in Klin city of Moscow Province of Russian Empire.

In 1939 he graduated from the Moscow Institute of Communication Engineers.

During 1941-1947 he served in the Soviet Army.

In 1948 he became an employee of the Oscillations Laboratory of P.M. Lebedev Institute of Physics (FIAN).

Since 1960 he has been the head of the Radio Astronomy Laboratory and the head of the FIAN Radio Astronomy Station in Pushchino.

He received the title of Doctor of Physical Sciences.

On his initiative, the Crimean Radio Astronomical Station, headed by him since 1952, was relocated from Mount Kishka to the Blue Bay. A series of in-phase and parabolic antennas is being built here, interferometers of meter and decimeter ranges are being assembled, original spectrographs and other equipment for solar and galactic measurements are being developed.

In the 1950's, under his leadership, the Crimean expedition was mainly engaged in the study of solar radiation. For these purposes, the second telescope B-3 and radio telescope RT-31, made in the form of an earthen bowl. On this radio telescope in 1957 for the first time in the USSR it was possible to receive two-dimensional radio images of the Sun on a wavelength of 3 cm.

In the early 1950's, he made numerous observations of the calm and weakly disturbed sun. This period includes his idea of ​​the method of illuminating the solar corona radiation of a discrete source (Crab Nebula), and then the discovery of a long outer corona of the Sun - "supercrowns". Later, radial magnetic fields were discovered by the same method.

In 1956, the staff of the Crimean Radio Astronomical Station under the leadership of V. V. Vitkevych created the Radio Astronomical Station FIAN in the Pushchino village of Moscow region, which in 1990 became part of the FIAN Astronomical Center. In 1996, the Pushchino Radio Astronomical Station was renamed the Observatory, receiving the current abbreviation - PJSC ACC FIAN. The creation of an experimental base in the settlement of Katsiveli vilage in the Crimea is closely connected with the name of V. V. Vitkevich.

In 1968, he was awarded the USSR State Prize for the discovery of the solar corona, which, according to scientific research, extends to several dozen radii, almost to the orbit of Mercury.

He died on January 29, 1972.

Main publications:
  1. Виткевич В. В., Кузьмин А. Д., Матвеенко Л. И., Сороченко Р. Л., Удальцов В. А. Радиокосмические наблюдения советских космических ракет. // Радиотехника и электроника, 1961, № 9, 1420—1431.

  1  Василий Кудрявцев: Применение научно-школьного подхода к истории радиоастрономии//"Семь искусств",№11(92), ноябрь 2017 года
  2  Астрономы России 1917-2017/ науч. ред. А.М.Черепащук, Казань, Казан, фед. ун-т, 2017.- 568с- C.87

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