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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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The Role of Data Science in Astronomy and Interstellar Exploration 
Space has always been a fascinating frontier for humans. From the first satellite, Sputnik 1, in 1957, to the amazing Mars rovers, our adventures in space show our love for discovery, creativity, and courage. Exploring space is a big dream, always pushing us to learn more and go further. Nowadays, data science is making a meaningful contribution to space technology. It's changing how we think about space. Being able to gather, understand, and use lots of data has helped us get to know the universe better and has changed how we explore and move through space...
GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Vogel [Foghel] Robert Pilipovich 

General data:

01.03.1859 - 27.02.1920

Place of birth: Rzhyshchiv city, Rzhyshchiv parish, Kyiv district, Kiev province, Russian empire (now the Kiev region, Ukraine)

Studied in: St. Vladimir Imperial Kyiv University (since 1999, Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University) (1881-1886);

Key interests: celestial mechanics, theoretical astronomy, physics of comets, physics of planets, photometry. ScD Thesis: Definition orbit elements through observation diaeresis (1891 ); ScD Thesis: Determination of the orbits, which are little inclined to the ecliptic (1895 St. Vladimir Imperial Kiev University);


He was born on February 17 according to the Julian calendar or March 1 according to the Gregorian calendar, 1859 in the Rzhishchev town of Rzhishchev Volost of Kyiv County of Kyiv Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Kyiv Region of Ukraine) in the family of a German emigrant who worked as an accountant at a sugar factory.

Against his father's wishes, Robert entered the Kyiv-Podilskyi Pro-Gymnasium, and then the Third Kyiv Gymnasium, which he graduated with a gold medal in 1880. Without family support, he was forced to work as a tutor.

In 1886, he graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of St. Vladimir Imperial Kyiv University, where he entered in 1881. Robert studied for free, received a scholarship, and from the third year he was awarded a special "professor's" scholarship for academic success.

In 1888, he was seconded to the Pulkovo Observatory for photometric and spectroscopic observations.

In 1891, he defended his doctoral (master's) thesis "Determining the elements of orbits based on three observations." In the same year, his work was awarded a gold medal as a significant contribution to the development of science.

In 1892, he was sent on a business trip abroad, where he got acquainted with the work of the largest European astronomical observatories, studied astrophysics, engaged in astrophotography in Paris City, and at the Roman Collegium under the leadership of Professor Pietro Tacchini, and also at the Nice Observatory he studied spectroscopy.

Returning from abroad in 1893, he taught at the St. Vladimir Imperial Kyiv University as a private docent, in 1894 he was appointed an observing astronomer of the Kyiv Astronomical Observatory.

In 1895, he defended his doctoral thesis at the St. Vladimir Imperial Kyiv University on the topic: "Determination of orbits slightly inclined to the ecliptic", receiving the degree of Doctor of Astronomy and Geodesy. For this work in March 1897, he was awarded the Imperial Prize by the Russian Astronomical Society.

In 1897, he was appointed extraordinary professor of the Department of Astronomy and Geodesy of the St. Vladimir Imperial Kyiv University.

It is known that in the 1898/99 academic year he taught courses on spherical astronomy and celestial mechanics and also conducted practical classes on spherical astronomy.

since 1899, he worked as a full professor at the St. Vladimir Imperial Kyiv University (now the Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University), and Since 1901 he was the director of the Kyiv Astronomical Observatory and the head of the Department of Astronomy.

Since 1914, he was the dean of the physical and mathematical department of Kyiv Higher Women's Courses.

During the First World War, the astronomical observatory of the university did not work for almost a year. In the autumn of 1915, a decision was made to evacuate higher educational institutions in the Saratov city. The main equipment of the observatory, part of the library, as well as the staff astronomers of that time, including R.P. Fogel. In 1916, the observatory's equipment and personnel were returned to Kyiv City.

He died on February 27, 1920.

The main works concern celestial astronomy, in particular the determination of the orbits of planets and comets. He paid great attention to theoretical astronomy. He developed and supplemented the classical methods of determining the orbits of planets and comets, proposed by K. Haus and G. Olbers. He compiled textbooks on descriptive, spherical, and theoretical astronomy.

Main publications:
  1. Фогель Р. П. Спосіб передобчислювання сонячних затемнень//Вісник Київського університету, 1884
  2. Фогель Р. П. Теорема Ламберта//Вісник Київського університету, 1889
  3. Фогель Р. П. Будова і діяльність сонця//Вісник Київського університету, 1893
  4. Фогель Р. П. Застосування фотографії до вирішення астрономічних питань, Київ, 1894

  1  Колчинский И. Г., Корсунь А. А., Родригес М. Г. Астрономы: Биографический справочник. — Киев: Наук. думка, 1986.—510 с.-С.331
  2  Богородский А. Ф., Чернега Н. А. Роберт Филиппович Фогель (1859—1920) // Историко-астрономические исследования.—1966.—Вып. 9.—С. 211—234.
  3  Казанцева Л. В., Кислюк В. С. Київське вікно у Всесвіт: Історія Київської астрономічної обсерваторії в контексті історії розвитку національної та світової науки. — Київ: Наш час, 2006.—C.113-118, 150
  4  Осипов О. К., Хміль С. В. Олександр Федорович Богородський // Астрономічна обсерваторія Київського національного університету імені Тараса Шевченка. 160 років / відп. ред. В. М. Єфіменко. – Київ, 2005. – 260 с.- C.102-107

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