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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
Astronomical Net of Ukraine 
Добро пожаловать на портал! Терабайты видео, книг и другой астрономической научной и научно-популярной информации доступны для Вас! Вы также можете добавлять материалы - публиковать новости астрономии, статьи и т.п. Для этого достаточно пройти регистрацию. Давайте собирать информацию вместе!
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Xanfomaliti Leonid Vasilyevich 

General data:

28.01.1932 - 07.09.2019

Place of birth: Kerch city, Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

Studied in: M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (since 2015 Great Peter St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University) (1956);

Key interests: astrophysics, physics of planets, instruments and devices, space missions, exploration of the Moon, popularization of astronomy. PhD Thesis: Polarimetry of the Moon based on electronic technology (1963 ); ScD Thesis: Thermal asymmetry of Venus (1977 );


He was born on January 28, 1932 in Kerch city of Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

In 1956 he graduated with honors from M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute.

From 1958 to 1967 he worked at the Abastuman Astrophysical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR as head of the Astronomical Electronics Laboratory.

In 1963 he defended his dissertation on the study of the Moon on the topic "Polarimetry of the Moon based on electronic technology."

Since 1968 he has been working at the Institute of Space Research of the USSR Academy of Sciences (RAS), from head of the sector to chief researcher and Head of the Laboratory of Photometry and IR Radiometry of the Department of Physics of Planets and Small Bodies of the Solar System. He performed 19 space experiments on the study of Mars, its satellite Phobos and Halley's Comet, as well as ground research on Mercury and the Moon.

He has been a member of the International Astronomical Union since 1973. He is also a member of COSPAR and other international scientific organizations.

In 1977 he defended his doctoral dissertation on the study of Venus on "Thermal asymmetry of Venus."

In 1978-1982 he discovered the electrical activity of the Venusian atmosphere in experiments conducted by the Venus spacecraft, which was later confirmed by research on the USA spacecraft, in particular the PIONEER-VENUS spacecraft. The scientist first put forward the concept of volcanism of Venus, which was confirmed. Radiometric experiment on VENUS-9 and VENUS-10 devices in 1975 was awarded the Republican State Prize.

In 1969-1970 he developed a set of scientific instruments for MARS-2 and MARS-3. In 1974 he first used the method of alimetry in the bands CO2y 2 μm on the devices MARS-4 and MARS-5, where he set up 5 experiments.

In 1986, on VEGA-1 and VEGA-2, together with the Enrico Fermi Institute of the University of Chicago, he installed a cometary dust particle mass analyzer, from 10-13 to 10-9 gram.

In 1989, he installed a radiometer-photometer on the FOBOS device and showed that the reflective spectrum of Phobos has a pronounced "red" character.

In 1989-1996 he developed a spectrophotometer for the MARS-96.

In 1992-1997 he developed a project of a space experiment to study the regolith of celestial bodies by holographic method.

In 2011-2016 (some sources indicate 2012) he hypothesized the existence of signs of life on Venus based on the results of the application of modern methods of image processing to photographs obtained by Soviet spacecraft "Venus-9", "Venus-13" and "Venus-14".

In recent years, he has devoted his work to the study of the planet Mercury with the help of new terrestrial astronomy and the development of a new space mission project to this planet. In terrestrial astronomical observations in 1998-2010, he obtained permitted millisecond images of the planet Mercury.

The scientist was a permanent member of the editorial board of the Astronomical Bulletin. He was a member of the Scientific Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on astrobiology, a member of the RAS commission on space toponymy.

He received the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and a number of other government awards. He received the title of "Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation" in 1999.

He died on September 7, 2019 in Moscow City.

Known as an astrophysicist, a specialist in the study of the planets of the solar system, a popularizer of science. He is the author of more than 390 scientific and popular science works on the study of the bodies of the solar system.

During the study of Venus, the International Astronomical Union named it L.V. Xanthomaliti of asteroid 7394 Xanthomalitia.

Main publications:
  1. Ксанфомалити Л. Находки в SNC-метеорите ALH 84001 // Астроном. вестник. 1997. Т. 31. № 3.
  2. Ксанфомалити Л. Спор о происхождении находок в метеорите ALH 84001 продолжается // Астроном. вестник. 1998. Т. 32. № 6.
  3. Ксанфомалити Л. Парад планет. М.: Наука, 1998
  4. Ксанфомалити Л. Поиск систем внесолнечных планет с помощью спектрального метода лучевых скоростей и астрометрии // Астроном. вестник. 1999. Т. 33. № 6.

  1  Астрономы России 1917-2017/ науч. ред. А.М.Черепащук, Казань, Казан. фед. ун-т, 2017.- 568с- C.244
  3  Фалилеев Н. М. Леонид Ксанфомалити. Рыцарь Венеры // Воздушно-космическая сфера : журнал. — 2020. — № 3. — С. 110—117.

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