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Main actors in astronomy research in the country  There are 7 Research Institutes in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS of Ukraine), 2 Research Institutes in the structure of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine (MESYS of Ukraine); 15 astronomical observatories and Departments in the structure of the Universities of the MESYS of Ukraine; 1 Private Astronomical Observatory play a main role in the development and teaching Astronomy in Ukraine.
The XPM Catalog  Absolute proper motions of 280 million stars distributed all over the sky without gaps in the magnitude range 10m < V <20m on the basis of combined data from 2MASS and USNO-A2.0 catalogues.
MAO NASU Plate Archive   Digital archive of MAO NAS of Ukraine (GPA) comprises data of about 26 thousands of direct photographic plates, obtained with 14 instruments in 9 observational sites, and more than 2000 digital images of different resolution available via GPA search pages.
Mykolaiv AO Plate Archive   Digital archive of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) includes astronomical data obtained during observations with photo plates and CCD frames. The digitization of the archive is near its completion. Digitized images are available via a web browser and Aladin.
AO LNU Plate Archive   Astronomical Observatory of Lviv National University (AO LNU) is the owner of valuable archive that stores approximately 8 000 of photographic plates from 1939, including nearly 6 000 direct images of the northern sky. The archive is partly digitized and images are available via the joint search pages of AO LNU and MAO NASU.
IRA UTR-2 catalogue of RS   The very-low frequency sky survey of discrete sources has been obtained in the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Kharkov, Ukraine) with the UTR-2 radio telescope at a number of the lowest frequencies used in contemporary radio astronomy within the range from 10 to 25 MHz.
Mykolaiv AO stellar catalogues   27 astrometric stellar catalogues of Mykolaiv Aastronomical Observatory (MykAO) in VOTable format are available for downloading
AO KNU Historic Plate Archive   AO KNU glass collection contains about 20 thousand photographic plates. Historical part of the archive was received during 1898-1946 and now is being digitized.
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GRID-based Virtual Observatory VIRGO.UA 
VO VIRGO.UA for cosmology and astrophysics is a segment of VO «Infrastructure»- a virtual organization, which deals with ensuring the provision of standards for Grid Services for virtual organizations, to ensure reliability functioning of the Ukrainian power grid, Grid training for users and administrators of the Grid sites, as well as the creation of technical conditions UNG for entry into the international grid community...
WDC-Ukraine is a part of World Data Center System of the International Council of Science (ICSU). Among the basic tasks of WDC-Ukraine there is collection, handling and storage of science data and giving access to it for usage both in science research and study process. That include contemporary tutoring technologies and resources of e-libraries and archives; remote access to own information resources for the wide circle of scientists from the universities and science institutions of Ukraine...
Astronomical Net of Ukraine 
Добро пожаловать на портал! Терабайты видео, книг и другой астрономической научной и научно-популярной информации доступны для Вас! Вы также можете добавлять материалы - публиковать новости астрономии, статьи и т.п. Для этого достаточно пройти регистрацию. Давайте собирать информацию вместе!
US VAO Data Discovery Portal 
Find datasets from thousands of astronomical collections known to the VO and over wide areas of the sky. This includes important collections from archives around the world. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
US VAO Cross-Comparison Tool 
Perform fast positional cross-matches between an input table of up to 1 million sources and common astronomical source catalogs, such as 2MASS, SDSS DR7 and USNO-B. Feedback on your experience with the tool is appreciated -- please send your comments, suggestions, and questions to the VAO Help Desk.
VOPlot v1.8 Beta 
VOPlot v1.8Beta includes many enhancements and bug fixes. To name a few v1.8Beta supports multi-grid plots for 2D Scatter-Plot which allows the user to have multiple plots having grid size from 1x1 to 3x3 in a single window. Paginated view is added to see data in tabular format which allows user to navigate systematically. Provision to label Lat/Long lines is also added. Users can now plot a cumulative histogram for all histogram types. VOPlot 1.8Beta shows the metadata of a FITS file instantaneously while the actual loading happens in background. VOPlot v1.8Beta also provides better handling of "faulty data" while parsing an ASCII file.

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 Zelmanov Abram Leonidovich 

General data:

15.05.1913 - 02.02.1987

Place of birth: Gadjach city, Poltava province, Russian Empire

Studied in: Moscow State University ( since 1940 M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University) (1937);

Key interests: history of astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, general theory of relativity, theoretical astrophysics, astronomy. PhD Thesis: On deformation and curvature of a related space (relativistic equations for an element of a nonuniform Universe) (1944 ); ScD Thesis: About the behavior and properties of three-dimensional spaces (1982 );


He was born on May 2 (according to the Julian calendar or 15 according to the Gregorian calendar) in May 1913 in Gadjach city of Poltava province of the Russian Empire in a family of burghers. His father was a Jewish religious scholar, a specialist in commentary on the Torah, the Talmud and Kabbalah, and the author of the commentary.

Until 1924 he lived in Kharkiv city, then in Leningrad city, since 1927 he lived in Moscow City.

In 1937 he graduated from the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics at Moscow State University. At the end of 5th year the student made a report on the application of the general theory of relativity in cosmology, just then, the biographers consider, the profession of the future scientist was determined.

In 1941 he completed his postgraduate studies at the P. K. Sternberg State Astronomical Institute of M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.

In 1944 he defended his Ph.D. thesis "On Deformation and Curvature of Related Space (Relativistic Equations for the Element of a Heterogeneous Universe)" under the direction of Academician V. G. Fesenkov.

In 1982 he defended his doctoral thesis "On the behavior and properties of three-dimensional spaces".

since 1942 to 1952 and then since 1954 to the end of his days he worked at the P. K. Sternberg State Astronomical Institute of M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.

During 1952-1954 he worked at the Moscow Planetarium.

He went from a senior laboratory assistant to a leading research associate.

Since 1947 (according to some data since 1942) for many years he taught courses in general theory of relativity and cosmology for students of the Astronomical Department of Mechanics and Mathematics, and then the Physics Department of M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. It was probably the first mathematical courses in the country to teach in these subjects.

In 1953 he was arrested on charges of "cosmopolitanism" as part of the Stalinist campaign against the Jews, but a few months later Stalin died and the scientist was released.

In 1955, he was one of the first to express an opinion on the connection of the origin of life and reason on Earth with the general properties of the universe ("anthropic principle").

He died on February 2, 1987 in Moscow City.

Known as an astronomer, a theorist in the field of cosmology and general theory of relativity, one of the founders of the Soviet cosmological school.

Being very demanding of himself, astrophysicist has published less than ten scientific works during his lifetime, each of which is a concentrate of scientific thought and contains fundamental scientific ideas.

The scientist has created a number of new mathematical methods in the general theory of relativity, connected with the possibility of splitting space-time into three-dimensional space and time. Methods chronometrically invariant and kinometric invariant quantities, orthometric form of monad formalism have been widely used to solve many problems of general relativity, relativistic astrophysics, cosmology, the theory of the anisotropic universe. Important place in the work of the scientist was occupied by philosophical questions of science.

He, together with V. A. Belinsky, Ya. B. Zel'dovich, and I. M. Khalatnikov, proved that "inflationary trajectories" for a dynamic system including scalar and gravitational fields are attractors for the phase curves of this system. The work of a scientist with Ya. B. Zeldovich predicted inflationary models of the universe "out of nothing" to some extent. Although later the scientist was skeptical of these models. Together with Ya. B. Zeldovich and L. P. Grishchuk, two reviews were written: "Gravity" and "Cosmology" for the Encyclopedia of Physics of Space (M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1976), as well as two methodological notes for the Advances in Physical Sciences (1986 and 1988).

Main publications:
  1. Зельманов А. Л., Агаков В. Г. Элементы общей теории относителньости, М., Наука, 1989- 240 с.
  2. Зельманов А. Л., Агаков В. Г. Элементы общей теории относителньости, М., Наука, 1989- 240 с.
  3. Зельманов А. Л., Агаков В. Г. Элементы общей теории относителньости, М., Наука, 1989- 240 с.
  4. Зельманов А. Л. Ортометрическая форма монадного формализма и ее отношение к хронометрическим и кинеметрическим инвариантам.// Докл. АН СССР (ДАН),1976,т.227, с.78

  1  Зельманов А.Л. (1913 - 1987)
  3  Хто був і є у місті Гадяч (експериментальний довідник)
  4  Колчинский И. Г., Корсунь А. А., Родригес М. Г. Астрономы: Биографический справочник. — Киев: Наук. думка, 1986.—510 с.-С.129-130

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